Have you seen that some websites still use HTTP instead of HTTPS? What does it mean? Is there any difference? If you are building or already own a website, this interests you.
Internet is a really large network. The current amount of interconnected networks, devices, servers, routers, data centers, etc., is massive. So it is the amount of information exchanged every day. If we could visualize all the data packets traveling worldwide every single second, the image could be really astonishing.
This constant transit and interaction of components for sure need order. Fortunately, the Internet’s creators took proper actions to avoid chaos, like developing the Internet protocol (IP) that was officially incorporated into the ARPANET (Internet’s ancestor) in 1983. The original version of such IP is exactly the IPv4 address.